Responses

Music in the Nazi Camps and Ghettos

It is likely that there was some form of music in most of the approximately 10,000 Nazi camps. Music-making in the concentration camps took place under the extreme conditions of imprisonment.

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Music in the Death Camps

Even in the death camps, music played an important role in daily life. Official orchestras were established that performed at the camp gates in the mornings and evenings, and at weekly concerts. Prisoners also continued their own secret music-making away from the watchful eyes of the SS.

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Prisoners line up in the yard of the Oranienburg

Camp commanders reported joyful singing by prisoners as part of concerted propaganda to hide the horrors of the camp.                                                                                                                                              

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Survivors of the Łódź ghetto form The Happy Boys

Performers and organised performances were like bread and potatoes for the inhabitants of the Łódź ghetto. Concerts and theatre shows were given at the “House of Culture” established by "Eldest of the Jews" Mordechai Khayim Rumkowski.

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Sonic Torture at Dachau

The music produced from a loud speaker located on the Schubraumgebäude from records or the radio, had a crushing effect on the prisoners.                                                                                                      

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Blumenfeld, Diana

Músico
Cantante
Actor

Krimski, Yankl

Músico
Actor

Gebirtig, Mordechai

Poeta
Actor
Compositor

Vermehren, Isa

Cantante
Actor

Ullman, Viktor

Profesor de música
Compositor
Conductor

Taube, Carlo

Músico
Compositor
Conductor

Simon, James

Compositor

Schul, Zikmund

Compositor

Schächter, Rafael

Músico
Compositor
Conductor

Eisenstadt, Dovid

Compositor
Conductor

Veksler, Misha

Compositor
Conductor

Durmashkin, Wolf

Músico
Compositor
Conductor

Gerron, Kurt

Actor
Director

Los Testigos de Jehová

Testigo de Jehová

Frost, Erich Hugo

Músico
Testigo de Jehová

Trupyanski, Yankl

Song Writer
Profesor de música

Czajkowska, Zofia

Profesor de música
Músico
Conductor

Neumeyer, Hans

Profesor de música
Compositor

Strauss, Leo

Song Writer
Músico

Ledec, Egon

Músico
Compositor

Sutzkever, Avraham

Partidista
Poeta

Rudnitski, Leah

Partidista
Poeta

Kaczerginski, Shmerke

Músico
Partidista
Poeta

Glick, Hirsh

Partidista
Poeta

Akselrod, Avrom

Poeta
Compositor

Respuesta

Brundibár

Respuesta
Restoration and Restitution

Richard Fuchs

Richard Fuchs was a German Jewish architect, artist and composer who founded the Baden-Wurttenberg branch of the Jüdischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League).

Respuesta
Restoration and Restitution

Wilhelm Rettich

Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.