Mordechai Gebirtig's song 'Es brent' (It is burning) is one of the best known Yiddish songs from the Holocaust era, although it was written before the outbreak of war in 1938. Gebirtig wrote the song after a pogrom in a Polish town during that year, and the lyrics tell of the apathy of the bystanders who witnessed the event. The song was very popular amongst Jewish ghetto inmates, and is often performed at Holocaust commemoration ceremonies.

Archival recording from the David Boder collection, courtesy of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.