While for the vast majority of Nazi inmates armed resistance was almost impossible, isolated groups were able to engage in organised resistance—and music often supported their cause. Amongst Jewish victims, the partisans that fought in the forests of Eastern Europe are one prominent example.
- Composers in Exile
- British internment, music and Hans Gál
- Kulisiewicz, Aleksander
- Kaczerginski, Shmerke
- Klemperer, Otto
- Teachers' Guide - Resistance & Exile