From Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 until the liberation in 1945, music played an integral role in daily life under Nazism. On this website, you can learn about diverse composers and musicians, including those who supported the Nazis and those who became their victims. Visit our music page for a wide range of sound recordings of music and songs, or explore musical life in ghettos and camps across Europe using our interactive map. You can delve more deeply into the subject of music and the Holocaust by exploring the themes on the right. Our resources section provides educational and reference material for further reading and listening.
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Politics & Propaganda
Resistance and Exile
Learn how resistance movements used music, from Jewish partisans in the Lithuanian forests to political prisoners in the camps, and how some escaped the Nazi onslaught by fleeing to neighbouring countries, the Soviet Union, or the United States.
Millions of victims across occupied Europe used music as a means through which to respond to the Nazi onslaught. In this section, read about the diverse musical activities of the Nazis' victims particularly in the ghettos and camps.