Политика и пропаганда

Swing as an Attitude Towards Life

Despite discrimination against jazz music and jazz culture in the Third Reich, swing found an enthusiastic and dance-hungry audience. For a group of mostly young fans, however, swing music and dancing represented more than a passing fad.

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Entartete Musik and Entartete Kunst in the Third Reich

Nazi ideology extended to cultural and social life, imposing strict controls over art, music, literature and film and works that were considered Entartete, or ‘degenerate.’ This regulation of cultural life culminated in two exhibitions: Entartete Kunst and Entartete Musik.

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Jüdischer Kulturbund in Berlin

Kurt Baumann developed the preliminary plan for the Jüdischer Kulturbund, to be set in Berlin, in the first months of 1933.                                                                                                                                  

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Hitlerjugend (HJ) and the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM)

By 1945, the Hitlerjugend (HJ, or Hitler Youth) included almost every German boy in the Reich; hundreds of thousands of girls were incorporated into its sister organisation, the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM, or League of German Girls).

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Charlie and his Orchestra

Charlie and His Orchestra was a Jazz band created especially for the radio show "Germany Calling" in April 1940 by the Nazi Propaganda Ministry. This musical form of propaganda contributed to the spread of Nazi ideology and conveyed a defeatist message to British audience.

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Вагнер Рихард

Композитор

Пфицнер Ханс

нацист
Композитор

Орф Карл

Композитор

Клемперер Отто

Композитор
дирижер

Хавеманн Густав

Музыкант
нацист
дирижер

Фуртвенглер Вильгельм

Композитор
дирижер

Клеменс Краус

дирижер

[Translate to Russian:] Clemens Heinrich Krauss (1893-1954) was an Austrian conductor and opera impresario, particularly associated with the music of Richard Strauss. Called ‘the most powerful man in German opera,’ and a ‘culture leader’, his career advanced significantly under the Nazi regime.

МАЙРА ХЕСС

Музыкант
директор

[Translate to Russian:] Dame Julia Myra Hess, DBE (1890-1965) was an English pianist, best known for her performances of the works of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven and Schumann. During WWII, she put on concerts at the National Gallery to raise morale.

ФРАНЦ ШМИДТ

Музыкант
Композитор

[Translate to Russian:] After the Anschluss in 1938, Franz Schmidt (1874-1939) was named the greatest living composer in the Ostmark by the Nazis. At the premiere of his Das Buch mit Sieben Siegeln, it was reported that Schmidt made a Nazi salute.

КАРЛРОБЕРТ КРАЙТЕН

Музыкант

[Translate to Russian:] Pianist Karlrobert Kreiten (1916-1943) was overheard saying Hitler was ‘brutal, sick and insane,’ by a Nazi sympathiser. He was executed by hanging. The day after his execution, his mother discovered her clemency plea had been accepted.

ДЖЕК ХИЛТОН

Музыкант

[Translate to Russian:] Jack Hylton (1892-1965) and his band made regular tours in Germany during the 30s when Nazis were banning jazz music. During WWII, Jack Hylton and His Orchestra disbanded, having out-sold every other band in Europe.

Чарли и его оркестр

Музыкант
дирижер

Свинг-группа "Чарли и его оркестр" была создана в пропагандистских целях и спонсировалась нацистами немецкой. Вместо того, чтобы играть оригинальные композиции, группа решила играть джазовые стандарты, которые были популярны у английских слушателей, но с измененными словами. Эта музыкальная форма пропаганды способствовала распространению нацистской идеологии и передавала пораженческие настроения в ряды врагов нацистов: англичан или американцов.

Морис Шевалье

певец
Актер

МАРЛЕН ДИТРИХ

певец
Актер

[Translate to Russian:] Marie Magdalene "Marlene" Dietrich was a German-American actress and singer. Throughout her long career, which spanned from the 1910s to the 1980s, she continually reinvented herself. In 1920s Berlin, Dietrich acted on the stage and in silent films.

Мозер Ганс-Иоахим

музыковед
нацист

Геригк Герберт

нацист
музыковед

Блессингер Карл

нацист
Композитор

Политика и пропаганда

Евреи и музыка в фашистской Италии

RU The modern nation of Italy had existed for barely more than sixty years when, in October 1922, Benito Mussolini became the country’s prime minister.

Политика и пропаганда

Хартманн, Карл Амадеус

Политика и пропаганда

Музыка в Третьем Рейхе

Политика и пропаганда

Штраус Рихард