Partisans of Vilna
Partisan warfare served both national and personal objectives, allowing Jews to play a role in the war against Nazism and to avenge the murders of their families and fellow Jews.
Music for Memorial Events
Music has played a part in Holocaust commemoration from even before the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau on 27 January 1945.
Johnny & Jones
Salomon Meijer Kannewasser (1916-1945) and Arnold Simeon van Wesel (1918-1945) were a popular young musical duo from Amsterdam known as Johnny & Jones.
Prisoners' orchestra in Auschwitz
Prisoners' orchestra during a Sunday concert for the SS-men in Auschwitz. The orchestra was probably conducted by the inmate Franciszek Nierychlo.
Music in Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt has become synonymous with the 'music of the Shoah' due to the quality and quantity of the musical life there and is a special case in the Nazi camp system.
Gideon Klein's Songs
Gideon Klein composed his Songs Opus 1 in May and June 1940, after he was expelled from Prague Conservatory in Spring 1940, and only months before his deportation to Terezín.
En este día
Born in Hamburg #OTD in 1903, Berthold Goldschmidt, was a conductor and composer in the Weimar Republic. Goldschmidt's first opera, adapted from Crommelynck’s play The Magnificent Cuckold, was a veiled critique of rising Nazism.
Charles Delaunay (born #OTD in 1911) co-founded Le Jazz Hot, one of the oldest jazz magazines. In 1937, he started Disques Swing, a record label exclusively for jazz. During WWII Delaunay was a member of the resistance, but continued leading the Hot Club.
Composer Otto Jokl was born #OTD in 1891. He studied composition with Alban Berg then worked as a music educator and piano teacher. In an attempt to escape Nazi persecution he converted to Catholicism but was eventually forced into exile in the US.
Internamiento británico, música y Hans Gál
La radio de música clásica en Gran Bretaña durante la guerra
Los judíos y la música en la Italia fascista
El sistema de campos
Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.
Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.
German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.