Yankele Hershkovitsh was a one-man cabaret, offering social and political satire, humour and parodies of songs in response to daily life in the Łódź ghetto.
Partisans of Vilna
Partisan warfare served both national and personal objectives, allowing Jews to play a role in the war against Nazism and to avenge the murders of their families and fellow Jews.
Prisoners' orchestra in Auschwitz
Prisoners' orchestra during a Sunday concert for the SS-men in Auschwitz. The orchestra was probably conducted by the inmate Franciszek Nierychlo.
Aleksander Kulisiewicz was a songwriter and performer who composed 54 songs during more than five years of imprisonment in Sachsenhausen. He is also noteworthy for having created and preserved the largest collection of music composed in the Nazi camps.
Music in Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt has become synonymous with the 'music of the Shoah' due to the quality and quantity of the musical life there and is a special case in the Nazi camp system.
On this day
Pedagogue, composer, conductor and pianist Eduard Zuckmayer was born #OTD in 1890. Expelled from the RMK in 1935, he was forced into exile in Turkey, where Paul Hindemith arranged employment for him at the newly founded Music Conservatory of Ankara.
Singing teacher, concert singer and composer Elly Helperin was born #OTD in 1896. She came from a privileged background but after Hitler's rise she lost her teaching license and left Germany and for Palestine.
Johnny & Jones
Nol (Arnold Siméon) van Wesel was Johnny of the Amsterdam jazz-duo Johnny & Jones. He was born #OTD 1918. While incarcerated in Westerbork the duo managed to clandestinely record the song "Westerbork Serenade".
In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.
La radio de música clásica en Gran Bretaña durante la guerra
Los judíos y la música en la Italia fascista
El sistema de campos
Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.
Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.
German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.